Hair loss is a normal and natural process that is part of the hair growth cycle. Losing about 100 hairs a day is considered to be the absolute norm. Therefore, worrying about hair falling out is absolutely not worth it. However, when you start to notice that strands of hair are clogging the drain in the shower, or a large amount is left on the comb, you should pay attention to this. Of course, the help of professionals will be indispensable, but do not rush to sound the alarm. You can prevent or reduce excess hair loss on your own using fairly simple rules and tips. About this – in our material on Spletnik.
Trichologist Dominique Berg, Chief Scientist at Évolis Professional, explains that hair goes through growth periods that last from five to seven years. Then they rest for a while, and then fall out. Obviously, not every strand of hair is in the same stage of the cycle, otherwise everyone would go bald every few years.
The follicles go through the cycle not synchronously. This means that each of them goes through one or another stage of growth at one time or another. This leads to the fact that about 100 hairs per day enter the phase of hair loss. This may seem like a lot, but if you compare that to the number of follicles on the head – which is from 100,000 to 150,000 – you will see that you only lose about 0.001% of your hair daily, and each of them is replaced with a new hair shaft.
– says Berg.
Hair Loss Causes
There can be several reasons for hair loss. One of them is genetics, and it is extremely difficult to fight against it. However, many women experience hair loss due to stress or lack of nutrients in the body such as vitamins B, D and zinc.
Another common cause of excess hair loss is hormonal changes, especially in women. This can happen during pregnancy, childbirth, changing birth control pills, or during menopause. Changing hormones can affect hair growth in such a way that part of the hair growth cycle becomes shorter, leading to increased hair loss,
– notes Dominic Berg.
According to trichologist and colorist Bridget Hill, you can start to get seriously worried if you notice that you leave your hair in the car, on a pillow or in your hands, when you run your fingers over your head, you find a lot of hair in the drain after washing your hair, you feel that the density hair has decreased and the tail has become noticeably thinner than three months ago.
However, there is no need to panic – Berg says that this is fixable.
This kind of phenomenon is called telogen alopecia, which simply means that a group of hairs stopped growing at the same time, and then they fell out together,
– he notes.
In addition, hair requires a lot of energy to grow, but it is not a top priority for our body, so you may experience hair loss during times of physical and emotional stress.
How to prevent hair loss
If your hair loss is not a consequence of a medical condition or hormonal imbalance, there are several ways you can help prevent it.
1. Eat a balanced diet
Dominique Berg recommends eating as many vegetables, lean meats, seafood, and foods that contain healthy fats such as avocados, eggs, and nuts in your diet.
Essential hair nutrients are found in spinach (high in iron, which helps deliver red blood cells to the scalp, which promotes hair growth), oranges, tomatoes, and peppers (foods rich in vitamin C promote collagen production, which keeps hair follicles healthy) , flax or chia seeds (they are high in omega-3 fatty acids that help keep hair healthy and strong, and promote new growth).
2. Avoid “tight” hairstyles and chemical treatments
If your hair falls out, then, alas, you will have to forget about the ponytail for a while. It is also not recommended to get involved in chemical treatments: curling, coloring and procedures like keratin straightening. All this can injure the follicles and lead to increased hair loss.
3. Don't neglect sleep
Sleep is critical to our health, so you shouldn't sacrifice it for anything else. Otherwise, sooner or later it will affect your health. To restore the body, it is recommended to sleep 7-8 hours a day. A hormone that helps regulate the sleep cycle, melatonin, has been shown to also promote hair growth, including when we get it naturally when we sleep.
In addition to being vital for hair growth, rest can also help keep hair from getting too oily. When you skip sleep, your stress levels can rise, leading not only to a decrease in the rate of hair growth, but also to an increase in sebum production.
4. Take omega-3 acids
One can argue for a long time whether it is worth taking special vitamins for hair. Some are sure that they have no effect, others, on the contrary, are convinced that after using them, hair, skin and nails become much better. But what really benefits their condition is their high intake of omega-3 fatty acids, as they can help accelerate hair growth. You can get them not only from supplements, but also from regular products. Most of the omega-3 acids are found in mackerel, salmon, herring, flax and chia seeds, walnuts and beans.
5. Massage your scalp
Many massage parlors provide scalp massage services. But if you're not willing to spend money on it, you can massage yourself. However, it's worth understanding the technique first. A proper massage isn't just about massaging your head with your fingers. There will be no effect from it. Video tutorials can be viewed on the Internet.
6. Choose the right comb
Don't be surprised, but the wrong comb can also affect the condition of your hair, its health and hair loss. The best option would be a wooden comb. It is better if there are several of them. It is convenient to simply comb the hair with a comb with rare teeth, and with a classic brush it is also convenient to massage the scalp.
7. Go in for sports
Oddly enough, physical activity is also directly related to hair growth. It is known that exercise can reduce stress levels, and stress, as we have found, can be one of the causes of hair loss.
When to seek professional help
If all these tips don't help you, or if you feel your hair loss is excessive, you should see a doctor – perhaps the cause is much more serious than simple stress. Telogenous alopecia can be the result of diseases such as hypo- or hyperthyroidism, that is, disorders of the thyroid gland.
Your doctor can help you diagnose and plan a treatment by analyzing your hair loss history, examining your scalp and hair loss patterns, and performing a pull test, a procedure to check if hair loss is active. In some cases, a scalp biopsy may be required. The main thing is to identify the cause, and only then deal with its elimination. In any case, prescribing medication for yourself and self-medicating is by no means worth it!